Advocating for your Child

Advocacy is the promoting and defending of another person’s rights, needs and interests. An advocate is someone who speaks up for others. An advocate might find information, go along to meetings as a support person, or write letters for another person.

If your child is not having their needs met, or is being denied their rights, they may need someone to advocate for them. You know and understand your child better than anyone else. If people are making decisions for and about your child, your voice and point of view, and your child’s point of view, help to make sure these decisions are in your child’s best interests.

You are not alone. If you need to, you can get support from other people to help you advocate for your child. You could ask a family member, friend, volunteer or professional advocate to help you. The Indigenous Education team is also here to assist.

What is an Individual Education Plan?

An Individual Education Plan (IEP) is an educational plan developed by teachers, support staff, and parents. They work together as a team to meet the needs of individual students who require a range of supports. The team develops outcomes or goals based on a student’s current needs and skills, and writes the plan for the school year. The written plan is called an IEP.

Who needs an IEP?

Students have a wide range of needs.  Most IEPs are written for students who need support for behavioural and learning or cognitive skills. An IEP will be developed when parents and staff together decide that this is the best way to meet a student’s special needs. An IEP must be developed for a student who needs course modifications (M designation) or individualized programming (I designation).

Purpose of an IEP

The purpose of an IEP is to provide a plan to help a student meet individual outcomes or goals beyond his or her current skills. For this reason, an understanding of what a student can and cannot do is essential to the individual education planning process. Each IEP is individual to the student for whom it is designed. As members of the IEP team, parents have a right to be part of the individual planning process and to sign the IEP for their child.

Essential Components of an IEP
  • student information and background that helps to inform their current understanding and levels
  • agreement from staff and families on the student’s abilities and needs
  • student-specific outcomes or goals
  • goals
  • teaching methods, materials, and strategies
  • the names of team members who will implement the IEP, and the setting(s)
  • where it will be implemented
  • plans and timelines for evaluation and review stages
Stages of an IEP
  • gathering and sharing information  (Includes needs, strengths, characteristics, and personality of student)
  • setting direction (sets priorities for student’s learning needs)
  • developing and writing the IEP (specifies outcomes and goals for the school year)
  • implementing and reviewing the IEP (team members review the student-specific outcomes and decide how they will know when the student has met the goals)

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